Home Paramedic Jobs UK Ambulance Paramedic Books Training Resources Equipment EMS Links E-Mail

Acid Base Balance Explained

Acid Base Balance

    Lungs Respiratory: When breathing is inadequate carbon dioxide (respiratory acid) accumulates. The extra CO2 molecules combine with water to form carbonic acid which contributes to a relative shift towards an acid pH. The treatment, if all else fails, is to lower the PCO2 by breathing for the patient using a ventilator or bag and mask.

    Kidney Metabolic: When normal metabolism is impaired - acid forms, e.g., poor blood supply stops oxidative metabolism and lactic acid forms. This acid is not respiratory so, by definition, it is "metabolic acid." If severe, the patient may be in shock and require treatment, possibly by neutralizing this excess acid with bicarbonate, possibly by allowing time for excretion or metabolism.

That's it! The whole of acid-base balance in six sentences. As you explore acid base balance, keep this bird's eye-view in mind.

Join our Jobs & Training Mailing List
Enter your name and email address below:
Name:
Email:
Subscribe Unsubscribe

 

 

All information in this section is for guidance and advice only and is assumed to be correct at the time of publishing. Check with your local training department before carrying any of the procedures in this section. The Paramedic Resource Centre cannot be held responsible for any error or omission in any page on this site.

Copyright 2001-2016   Paramedic Resource Centre                     Privacy & Cookie Policy
All views and opinions expressed on the Paramedic Resource Centre are entirely ours and are not necessarily the views and opinions of any other person or organisation.