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Some useful medical abbreviations

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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

 

    A

UK

International

A&E, Accident and emergency
ABN
,
Association of British Neurologists.
ABB, acid base balance
AETL, A&E Team Leader
AICD, Automated Internal Cardiac Defibrillator
AMPDS, Advanced Medical Priority Dispatch System
AMPLE, Allergies, Meds, Previous Hx, Last Meal, Events
ANS, Autonomic Nervous System
AP, Ambulance Paramedic
APAP, Association of Professional Ambulance Personnel
ASA, Ambulance Service Association
ASM, Area Service Manager
ASI, Ambulance Service Institute
ASU, Ambulance Service Union
AT, Ambulance Technician
 
A&P, anterior and posterior.
A&P, auscultation and palpation.
A&P, auscultation and percussion.
A/V, arteriovenous.
AAA, abdominal aortic aneurysm.
ABCDE, airway, breathing, circ, disability, expose
ABG, arterial blood gases.
ABS, arterial blood pressure.
ACE, angiotensin converting enzyme.
ACh, acetylcholine.
ACLS, advanced cardiac life support.
AED, automated external defibrillator.
AF, atrial fibrillation.
AF, atrial flutter.
Afib, atrial fibrillation.
AHA, American Heart Association.
AIDS, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
ALVF, acute left ventricular failure.
AMI, acute myocardial infarction.
ANS, autonomic nervous system.
ANT, anterior.
ARDS, acute/adult respiratory distress syndrome.
ARF, acute renal failure.
ASD, atrial septal defect.
ATLS, advanced trauma life support
ATS, American Trauma Society.
A-V, arteriovenous.
AV, artificial ventilation.
AV, assisted ventilation.
AV, atrioventricular.
aVL, unipolar limb lead on the left arm in ecg
AVF, arteriovenous fistula.
 
   B

UK

International

BAEMT British Assoc of Emergency Medical Technicians
BMA,
British Medical Association.   
BMJ,
British Medical Journal.
BAB, Babinski's sign.
BAC, blood alcohol concentration
BAV, bicuspid aortic valve.
BB,  beta blocker.
BBB, bundle branch block.
BD, (Lat: bis die) twice a day.
BHT, blunt head trauma.
bilat., bilateral.
BLQ, both lower quadrants.
BLS, basic life support.
BLS-D, basic life support and defibrillation.
BM, blood monitoring.
BO, Bowel Opening
bpm, beats per minute.
BSA, body surface area.
BTLS, basic trauma life support.
BTx, blood transfusion.
Buc, Bucc, buccal.
BUQ, Both Upper Quadrants.
BLQ, Both Lower Quadrants
BVM, bag-valve-mask.
 
   C

UK

International

CAO, Chief Ambulance Officer.
CMO
, Chief Medical Officer.
CRC, Cancer Research Campaign.
CAS, Cumbria Ambulance Service.
CEN, Centre for European Normalisation.
C&C, cold and clammy.
C/C, chief complaint.
C02, carbon dioxide.
CABG, coronary artery bypass graft.
CAD, coronary artery disease.
CAD, Computer Aided Dispatch.
CAPD, continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis.
CCB, calcium channel blocker.
CCF, congestive cardiac failure.
CD, caudad, caudal.
CH, chest.
CHD, coronary heart disease.
CHF, congestive heart failure.
CHR, chronic.
CI, cardiac insufficiency.
CI, cerebral infarction.
CMP, cardiomyopathy.
CNS, central nervous system.
CO, carbon monoxide.
CO, cardiac output.
COAD, chronic obstructive airways disease.
COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
CP, cerebral palsy.
CP, chest pain.
CPR, cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
CRVF, congestive right ventricular failure.
CS, cardiogenic shock.
CSF, cerebrospinal fluid.
CTA, clear to auscultation.
CV, cardiac volume.
CVA, cerebrovascular accident.
CX, chest x-ray.
 
   D

UK

International

DAO, District/Divisional Ambulance Officer.
DO, District Officer.
Dip IMC, Diploma in Immediate Care.
D&V, diarrhoea and vomiting.
DBP, diastolic blood pressure.
DIL, dilated.
DIST, distal.
DKA, diabetic ketoacidosis.
DM, diabetes mellitus.
DNR, do not resuscitate.
DOB, date of birth.
DP, diastolic pressure.
DT, delirium tremens.
DTR, deep tendon reflex/es.
DU, duodenal ulcer.
DX, discharged.
DX, disease.
 
E

UK

International

ERC, European Resuscitation Council.
EA, electrical activity.
EAA, effective alveolar air.
EBL, estimated blood loss.
EBM, evidence-based medicine.
ECA, external carotid artery.
ECF, extracellular fluid.
ECG, electrocardiogram.
ECT, electroconvulsive therapy.
EDV, end diastolic volume.
EEG, electroencephalogram.
ENT, ear, nose and throat.
EF, ectopic focus.
EMS, emergency medical service.
EMT, emergency medical technician.
EPF,  epiphyseal plate fracture.
ETT, endotracheal tube.
EUP, eupneic.
EXT, extend; external; extremity.
 
   F

UK

International

FIO, Forward Incident Officer
FRCSI
, Fellow of the Royal College of Suregeons (Ireland)
FRCSE, Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons (Edinburgh)
FRCS,  Fellow of the Royal College of Surgeons
FdSc, Foundation Degree (Science)
F&E, flexion & extension.
FAQ , frequently asked questions.
FB, foreign body.
FBC, full blood count.
FR, fracture.
FTP, Full term pregnancy.
 
   G

UK

International

GMC, General Medical Council.
GP, General Practitioner.
g, gm, gram.
GA, general anaesthetic/anesthesia.
GCS, Glasgow coma score
gluc, glucose.
GM, grand mal (epilepsy).
GRAV, Grav., gravida, a pregnant woman.
GTN, Glyciril tri-nitrate.
GU, gastric ulcer.
GU, Genitourinary.
GUM, Genitourinary medicine.
 
  H

UK

International

HCPC, Health & Care Professions Council.
HSE, Health & Safety Executive.
Hbp, high blood pressure.
HCO3, bicarbonate.
HCT, hematocrit.
HD, hemodialysis.
HDC, high-dose chemotherapy.
HDU, High dependency unit
HF, heart failure.
HIV, human immunodeficiency virus.
HO, history of.
HO, house officer.
HOCM, hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy.
HOH, hard of hearing.
HPI, history of present illness.
HR, heart rate.
HS, heart sounds.
HSV, herpes simplex virus.
HT, hypertension.
HX, History
 
   I

UK

International

IHCD, Institute for Health Care & Development.
IO, Incident Officer
I&E, internal and external.
IBD, inflammatory bowel disease.
IBS, irritable bowel syndrome.
IC, intracerebral.
ICF, intracellular fluid.
ICP, intracranial pressure.
ICS, intercostal space.
ICU, intensive care unit.
ID, infectious disease.
ID, intradermal.
IDD, insulin dependent diabetes.
IDDM, insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, (type I)
IHD, ischemic heart disease.
IHR, intrinsic heart rate.
IM, intramuscular.
INF, infarction.
INJ, injury.
int, internal.
IO, intraosseous.
IPPV, intermittent positive pressure ventilation.
IR, internal rotation.
IRE, internal rotation in extension.
IRF, internal rotation in flexion.
ISH, isolated systolic hypertension.
ITU, Intensive Therapy Unit.
IU, intrauterine.
IV, intervertebral.
IV, intravascular.
IV, I/V, intravenous.
IVC, inferior vena cava.
IVSD, interventricular septal defect.
 
   J

UK

International

JC, junctional contraction
JR, junctional rhythm 
JCT
, junction.
JT, joint.
JV, jugular vein.
JVP, jugular venous pressure.
 
   K

UK

International

KED, Kendrick Extrication device.
K, potassium.
KA, ketoacidosis.
kg, kilogram.
KO, keep open.
KOR, Keep open rate.
 
   L

UK

International

LA, Leading Ambulanceperson. 
LAS
, London Ambulance Service.
LA, left atrium.
Lac, laceration.
LAP, left atrial pressure.
lap., laparotomy.
LAT, lateral
LBBB, left bundle branch block.
LBO, large bowel obstruction.
LBP, low blood pressure.
LCA, left coronary artery.
LCTA, lungs clear to auscultation.
LLQ, lower left quadrant (abdomen).
LOC, level of consciousness (in GCS).
LPA, left pulmonary artery.
LRQ, lower right quadrant. (abdomen).
LS, lumbosacral.
LUQ, left upper quadrant (abdomen).
LV, left ventricle.
LVEDP/V end-diastolic pressure / volume.
LVF, left ventricular failure.
 
   M

UK

International

MDT, Mobile Data terminal.
MDA, Medical Devices Agency.
MIO, Medical Incident Officer.
MMR, measles-mumps-rubella vaccine.
MRC,
Medical Research Council
M, male.
M, metre.
M/H, medical history.
MAC, macerated.
MAE, moves all extremities.
MAOI, monoamine oxidase inhibitor.
MAP
, mean arterial pressure.
MAS, meconium aspiration syndrome.
MAST, military antishock trousers.
mcg, (µg), microgram.
MD, medialis dorsalis.
Meds, medication.
MEL, melanoma.
METH, methamphetamine.
Mg, Magnesium.
mg, milligram
MG, myasthenia gravis.
info
MH, medical history.
mHg, millimeter of mercury.
MI, myocardial infarction.
MICU, mobile intensive care unit.
ML, midline.
ml, millilitre.
mM, millimole.
MRSA, Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus.
MS, multiple sclerosis.
MSL, midsternal line.
MUA, manipulation under anaesthesia.
MVR, mitral valve replacement.
 
   N

UK

International

NHS, National Health Service.
NHSCR, National Health Service Central Registry.

NICE
, National Institute of Clinical Excellence. 
N&V, nausea and vomiting.
N, Nitrogen.
N/A, not applicable.
Na, sodium.
NaCl, sodium chloride.
NBS, normal breath sounds.
NFR, not for resuscitation.
NG, N-G, nasogastric.
NGT, nasogastric tube.
NICU, neonatal intensive care unit.
NIDDM, non insulin-dep. diabetes mellitus,(type II)
NK, not known.
NMBA, neuromuscular blocking agent.
NO, nitric oxide.
NOF, neck of femur.
NOK, next of kin.
NP, nurse practitioner.
NPA, Naso-pharengeal Airway.
NPH, no previous history.
NROM, normal range of motion.
NSAID, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
NSD, nasal septal deformity.
NSD, normal spontaneous delivery.
NSR, normal sinus rhythm.
   O

UK

International

OAP, Old age pensioner
OT, Occupational therapist.
OT, Overtime,
OSH, Occupational Safety & Health
OOH, Out of Hours
O&E, observation and examination.
O/E, on examination.
O2, oxygen
OB, obstetrics.
OBL, oblique.
OCC, occiput.
OD, overdose.
ONC, oncology.
OP, out patient.
OPA, Oropharengeal Airway
OPD, outpatient department.
OS, Osmosis / osmotic.
oss, osseous.
Oto, otology. (Ear)
oz, ounce.
 
   P

UK

International

PCEC, Primary Care Emergency Centre
PCI, Primary Coronary Intervention
P&A, percussion and auscultation
P02, pressure of oxygen
PAC, premature atrial contraction.
PALS, paediatric advanced life support.
PaO2, partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood.
PAT, paroxysmal atrial tachycardia.
PCA, patient controlled analgesia.
PCO2, partial pressure of carbon dioxide.
PE, pericardial effusion.
PE, pharyngoesophageal.
PE, pleural effusion / embolism.
PEA, pulseless electrical activity (cardiac)
PEAP, positive end airway pressure.
PEARL, pupils equal and reactive to light.
PEEP, positive end-expiratory pressure.
PEFR, peak expiratory flow rate
PH, past history.
PhN, phrenic nerve.
PHN, pulmonary hypertension.
PHTLS, prehospital trauma life support.
PJC, premature junctional contraction.
PID, pelvic inflammatory disease.
PM, petit mal.
PM, postmortem.
PMH, past medical history.
PMS, premenstrual tension syndrome.
PND, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnoea.
PO, (per os) orally, by mouth.
PO2, Partial pressure of oxygen
poly, prefix for multiple.
post, posterior.
pp, postpartum.
PPH, post-partum hemorrhage
PR, pulse rate.
PR, per rectum.
PSVT, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia.
PT, pneumothorax.
PTR, patellar tendon reflex
PTSD, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
PTX, pneumothorax.
PV, per vagina.
PVC, premature ventricular contraction.
PVST, paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia.
PVT, paroxysmal ventricular tachycardia.
PX, prescription.
 
   Q

UK

International

QAT, Qualified Ambulance Technician
QAP, Qualified Ambulance Paramedic
q.h., qh, every hour
QD, every day.
QMI, Q-wave myocardial infarction.
   R

UK

International

RCSED, Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh.
RCSENG, Royal College of Surgeons of England.
RCSI,
Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland.
RTB, Return to base
RAP, right atrial pressure.
RBBB, right bundle branch block.
RBC, red blood cells/count.
RCA, right coronary artery.
RCM, right costal margin.
RDS, respiratory distress syndrome.
REM, rapid eye movement.
RLQ, right lower quadrant (abdomen).
RN, registered nurse.
RR, respiratory rate.
RSCN, Registered Sick Children’s Nurse.
RSI, rapid sequence intubation.
RSI, repetitive strain injury
RSI, rapid sequence induction
RSV, respiratory syncytial virus.
RTA, road traffic accident.
RTI, respiratory tract infection.
RUQ, right upper quadrant (abdomen).
RVF, right ventricular failure.
RVH, right ventricular hypertrophy.
 
   S

UK

International

SAS, Scottish Ambulance Service.
SAS, Surrey Ambulance Service.
SCBU, Special care baby unit.
S&S, signs and symptoms.
S/L, sublingual.
SA, sinoatrial.
SAH, subarachnoid hemorrhage.
SAL, saline.
SC, s.c., subcutaneous.
SCI, spinal cord injury.
SHO, Senior House Officer.
SIDS, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
SK, streptokinase.
SL, sublingual.
SMBG, self-monitored blood glucose
SOB, shortness of breath.
SOP, standard operating protocol / procedure.
SNS, sympathetic nervous system.
STD, sexually transmitted disease.
STI, systolic time intervals.
SV, stroke volume.
SVE, supraventricular extrasystole.
SVT, supraventricular tachycardia
 
   T

UK

International

TB, tuberculosis.
TBSA, total body surface area.
TCT, thrombin clotting time.
TIA, transient ischemic attack
TMA, transmetatarsal amputation.
top, topically.
TPR, temperature, pulse, respirations.
TCA, Time since collapse.
T-set, tracheotomy set.
TSS, toxic shock syndrome.
TT, testicular torsion.
TT, thrombolytic therapy.
TT, transtracheal.
TTB, third trimester bleeding.
TTI, transtracheal insufflation. (Cricothyroidotomy)
Tx, Treatment
 
  U

UK

International

UKCC, United Kingdome Central Council (Nurse Registration Body)
UVG, Universal Vehicle Group.
U&Es, urea and electrolytes.
UA, unstable angina.
UA, upper airway.
UAO, upper airway obstruction.
UAP, unstable angina pectoris.
UC, ulcerative colitis.
UC, unconscious.
UD, ulnar deviation.
UE, upper extremity.
UHF, ultra high frequency.
ULQ, upper left quadrant.
ultra , ultrasound.
umb., umbilicus (navel).
UNK, unknown.
URTI, upper respiratory tract infection.
URQ, upper right quadrant.
UTI, urinary tract infection.
UV, ultraviolet.
 
   V

UK

International

VAC, ventriculoatrial conduction.
Vac, Vacuum.
VBG, venous blood gas.
VC, vital capacity.
VD, venereal disease.
VF, ventricular fibrillation.
VF, ventricular flutter.
Vfib, Ventricular fibrillation.
VHD, ventricular heart disease.
VPC, ventricular premature contractions.
VS, vs, vital signs.
VSD, ventricular septal defect.
VT, ventricular tachycardia.
VTE, venous thromboembolism.
 
W

UK

International

WBC, white blood cell, white blood cell count.
WPWS, Wolf-Parkinson White Syndrome.
wt, weight.
 
   X

UK

International

X, multiplied by, times.
XR, x-ray.
XRT, radiotherapy.
 
   Y

UK

International

YAS, Yorkshire Ambulance Servicey/o, years old.
Yd., yard.
yoa, years of age.
yr., year.
 
   Z

UK

International

Zyg, Zygoma, Zygomatic

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